Chapter summary imageHow Do Societies Perpetuate Themselves?

What is a family?

  • two or more people who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption

Is the family in decline?

  • functionalism: the family has traditionally filled many social functions
  • feminist theory: Hochschild says that working women still end up doing most of the housework
  • conflict theory: as the economic system has changed, so has the family
  • symbolic interactionism: this perspective focuses on the communication and interactions between members

How are families changing?

  • more interracial marriages and same-sex couples are adopting children