Chapter summary imageHow do Societies Respond to Deviance and Crime?

What are deviance and crime?

  • deviance: a violation of social norms
  • crime: a violation of norms that have been written into law

Why do deviance and crime exist?

  • positivists: people are not prone to act criminally unless some biological, psychological, or social factor is involved
  • classicists: people make rational choices to commit crimes based on their self-interests

How do we deal with crime in Canada?

  • through a three-part criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections