Chapter summary imageStratification in a Modern Society

How is poverty defined in Canada?

  • while there is no “official” definition of poverty in Canada, Statistics Canada uses three measures of low income—the low income cut-off (LICO), the low income measure (LIM), and the market basket measure (MBM).

What is the class structure in Canada?

  • there are six different social classes in Canada: upper class, upper middle class, middle class, working class, lower class, and underclass.

What social policies have been created to ease poverty?

  • Working Income Tax Benefit, Old Age Security/Guaranteed Income Supplement, National Child Benefit, minimum wage